Did you know that your environment can affect your risk for stroke?
How can your environment put you at risk for stroke?
Lack of easy access to fresh fruits and vegetables (food deserts) leads to poorer health outcomes:
The same groups that are less likely to live near a supermarket are also less likely to have an affordable, convenient way to travel to one. Residents of low-income communities who rely on public buses spend about an hour commuting to and from the grocery store (Bell & Standish).Hispanic families are less likely than non-Hispanic White families to live in neighborhoods where healthy food is available and sold at affordable prices (NCLR).
Poverty has a BIG effect on health:
The CDC estimates that when looking at the higher mortality rate among black adults when compared to white adults, almost 38% of the mortality increase is due to differences in income (Sanders, 2011).Poverty is the single biggest factor contributing to adverse health outcomes, and health outcomes worsen as poverty becomes more severe (Foege, 2010)
Lack of physical activity leads to higher rates of obesity:
In 2010, African Americans were 1.4 times as likely to be obese as non-Hispanic whites. African Americans were also 70% less likely to engage in active physical activity (Levi, Segal, St. Laurent, & Kohn, 2011).In 2010, Hispanic adults were 40% less likely to engage in active physical activity as non-Hispanic whites (Schiller, Lucas, Ward & Peregoy, 2012).
Stroke deaths are currently highest in Southeastern states of TX, LA, MS, AL, GA, SN, NC, TN, KY, AK, WV, and IN. This region of the U.S. is also characterized by historically elevated poverty levels, socioeconomic distress, and a large black population (NVSS, 2010) (USDA Economic Reserve).
Learn how to spot a stroke F.A.S.T.!