American Heart Association

2030 Global Impact Goal

Together with global and local collaborators, we will equitably increase worldwide healthy life expectancy from 64 to at least 67 years, by 2030.

What is healthy life expectancy?

Because healthy life expectancy refers to a person’s expected years of life in good health, it reflects both quantity and health-related quality of life.

By increasing healthy life expectancy worldwide by two years, we will equitably enable people to enjoy some 26 billion additional years of healthy life.

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Healthy Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) for All Countries for 2017

Despite steady gains in global healthy life expectancy over the past 30 years, substantial inequities remain

  • Nearly 60 nations representing 2.4 billion people (or 35% of the global population) have healthy life expectancies below 60 years.
  • A difference of 14 years of healthy life exists between nations in the top 25% and the lowest 25% of healthy life expectancy.
  • About 20% of the 2017 global burden of disease – both from years of life lost due to premature death and from years lived with a disability – involved children less than 5 years old, almost all of whom were in low- and middle-income countries.
  • At least 80% of the world’s smokers live in low- and middle-income countries.

Cardiovascular disease is the No. 1 cause of death worldwide

More than 17.8 million people died of cardiovascular disease globally in 2017 – and that is projected to grow to more than 22.2 million by 2030. One recent study found that cardiovascular disease caused 40% of deaths worldwide among people 35 to 70 years old, mostly in low- and middle-income countries.

Data shows worldwide progress in some lifestyle behaviors

  • The number of males worldwide using tobacco has started to decline for the first time, although there were still more than 1.3 billion tobacco users worldwide in 2018.
  • World Health Organization member states have agreed to promote reductions in salt intake and behaviors that halt the rise in diabetes and obesity. 
  • New HIV infections worldwide fell by 37% between 2000 and 2018, due in part to effective HIV prevention behaviors such as practicing safe sex.

This progress has been offset by other changes

  • Globally, 23% of adults and 81% of school-going adolescents are not engaging in enough physical activity to be healthy.
  • Worldwide obesity rates have nearly tripled since 1975.
  • About 1.7 million deaths worldwide in 2008 were attributable to low fruit and vegetable consumption.
  • Type 2 diabetes among adults worldwide has risen from 4.7% to 8.5% since 1980, although simple lifestyle measures can prevent or delay its onset.
  • Of the estimated 1.13 billion people worldwide who have high blood pressure, fewer than 1 in 5 have it under control even though lifestyle behaviors are often major contributors to the condition.