PAD risk factors you can't control
Certain risk factors for PAD can't be controlled, including:
- Increasing age
- Age 65 and older
- Age 50 to 64 with risk factors for atherosclerosis
- Less than 50 with Type 2 diabetes and at least one other risk factor for atherosclerosis
- Personal or family history of PAD, cardiovascular disease or stroke(link opens in new window).
PAD risk factors you can control
You can manage or control the following risk factors:
- Cigarette smoking - Smokers may have almost three times the risk of PAD than nonsmokers. Use our guide to quitting smoking.
- Type 2 diabetes - Having diabetes puts you at greater risk of developing PAD as well as other cardiovascular diseases. Learn more about the risks and how to manage diabetes.
- High blood pressure - It's called "the silent killer" because it has no symptoms. Work with your health care professionals to monitor and control your blood pressure.
- High blood cholesterol - High cholesterol contributes to the build-up of plaque in the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can significantly reduce the blood's flow. Managing your cholesterol levels is essential to prevent or treat PAD.
- Physical activity - It increases the distance that people with PAD can walk without pain and helps decrease the risk of heart attack and stroke. Supervised exercise programs are one of the treatments for PAD patients.
You can choose more than one risk factor to improve. Controlling only one isn’t as effective as taking care of all those you can control.