When it comes to simple ways to be healthy, walking is all the rage. Follow these tips to get started and learn more about fitness walking.You can get active in lots of ways, but walking is one of the easiest! For most people, it’s safe, easy to stick with and low- or no-cost. It doesn’t require any special skills or equipment. For such a simple activity, it has so many benefits.
Research has shown that walking at a brisk pace at least 150 minutes a week can help you:
- Think better, feel better and sleep better.
- Reduce your risk of serious diseases like heart disease, stroke, diabetes and several types of cancer.
- Improve your blood pressure, blood sugar and blood cholesterol levels.
- Increase your energy and stamina.
- Improve your mental and emotional well-being and reduce your risk of depression.
- Improve memory and reduce your risk of dementia.
- Boost bone strength and reduce your risk of osteoporosis.
- Prevent weight gain.
If 150 minutes sounds like a lot, remember that even short activity sessions can be added up over the week to reach this goal. And it’s easy to fit in a few minutes of walking several times a day. This could be 10 minutes of brisk walking after breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Walking versus running
Did you know more Americans walk for fitness than run? Maybe you’re not that into running. Or maybe you’ve had an injury and can’t run anymore. Then walk — every step counts. Walking briskly can help your health as much as running.
How to walk for fitness
- Gear up. All you need to get started are comfortable clothes and supportive shoes. Keep your cool by layering clothing, because exercise raises your body’s temperature. Shoes designed for walking or running are best, but not required. Just make sure you have a little wiggle room (about half an inch) between your longest toe and the end of the shoe. Avoid cotton socks because they retain moisture and can lead to blisters. (Who knew?!)
- Easy does it. If you’re out of shape, begin with short distances. Start with a stroll that feels comfortable (perhaps 10–15 minutes), and gradually increase your time or distance. If it’s easier on your body and your schedule, stick with a couple of 10- to 20-minute walks a day instead of one long walk.
Focus on form. Keep your head lifted (no texting!), abs engaged and shoulders relaxed. Swing your arms naturally. Avoid carrying heavy items or hand weights because they can put extra stress on your elbows and shoulders – try a backpack instead. Stick to a comfortable, natural stride.
Breathe. If you can’t talk or catch your breath while walking, slow down. At first, forget about speed. Just get out there and walk!
Pick up the pace. To warm up, walk at an easy pace for the first several minutes. Then gradually increase your speed.
Add variety and challenge. Try brisk intervals. For example, walk one block fast, two blocks slow and repeat several times. Over time you’ll be able to add more fast intervals with shorter recovery periods. Walking hills or stairs is a great way to increase muscle strength and burn more calories.
Stretch. The end of your walk is a great time to stretch as your body is warmed up. Stretch your hamstrings, calves, chest, shoulders and back. Hold each stretch for 15 to 30 seconds.
- Track your progress. Fit walking into your schedule whenever you can. That may mean several short walks a day. When you can fit it in, longer walks will help you improve your stamina. Just remember your overall goal is at least 150 minutes each week.
Stay safe while walking
- Be alert. Listening to music while you walk can help keep you energized. And making phone calls is a good way to multitask. But if you use headphones, keep the volume low and watch out for traffic that you may not hear. Don’t text or stare at your device while walking; keep your eyes on the road.
- Stand out. Wear light colors or reflective clothing and carry a flashlight or glow stick (it adds to the fun!) if you walk when visibility is low.
- Be street smart. Walking on sidewalks is best, but if you have to walk on the street, stick to streets with lower speed limits, and make sure drivers can see you.
- Know the neighborhood. Note which businesses are open when you’ll be walking and the location of emergency telephones. Walk on well-traveled streets rather than taking shortcuts through alleys or parking lots.
- Listen to your body. If you have foot, knee, hip or back pain when walking, stop and check with your health care team to find out the cause. You may need different shoes or another form of activity like cycling or water exercise. But don’t give up! Find the activity that’s right for you.
Maybe you haven’t been active for a while. No problem! Just get started. It’s not all or nothing; it’s step by step. Even if you’re already active, here are some easy ways you can add more steps to your day:
- Grab the leash, and take the dog out for a walk.
- Forget about rock star parking. Park a bit farther from the entrance to your workplace, school, grocery store, restaurants and other places you visit.
- Take the stairs instead of the elevator, even if just for one or two floors.
- Catch up with a friend by walking around the block while you chat on the phone.